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📦 Tutorial: Rust Crate

So, you want to learn how to make a rust crate (library)? Well you came to the right place!

This Tutorial Requires you to have Rust and Cargo installed as well as some basic Rust knowledge. You will learn how to make a crate, add unit tests, documentation and finally publish to

📐 Setting Up

The first thing you need to do is create the Cargo project! You can do that by running the following command. This will make a new Cargo Library project.

cargo new --lib <PROJECT_NAME>

Now cd into the <PROJECT_NAME> directory and launch your favorite text editor :P

📦️ The Package

Open the Cargo.toml file, here we will configure the values description and license. These values are needed to publish on

For this example I will use GPL 3 for the license and Example Crate for the description.

The Cargo.toml should now look something like this

name = "example_crate"
version = "0.1.0"
edition = "2021"
license = "GPL-3.0"
description = "Example Crate"

🌵 The Code

Now time to do some programming! yay

In this example I will make a very simple function to greet someone. You will be able to input for example "Darren" and it will output "Hello, Darren!".

Here is the code I will use for my src/

pub fn greet(name: &str) -> String {
    format!("Hello, {}!", name)

🧪 Testing

So, we have the code, but we want to make sure everything is working before we publish it. To do this we will use Unit Texting! In this super simple example is not important but when you make bigger projects it becomes more difficult to make sure everything is working.

any who

Here is the unit test I will use. It has two test cases for "Darren" and "Brenda".

// Only build this code if testing
mod tests {
  // Include the functions in the module tests is defined in
  // This gives the tests access to all public functions in our example
  use super::*;

  // Define the tests
  fn test_greet_darren() {
    assert_eq!(greet("Darren"), "Hello, Darren!")

  fn test_greet_brenda() {
    assert_eq!(greet("Brenda"), "Hello, Brenda!")

Now running cargo test should give us 2 passed tests!

📄 Documentation

One crucial part to any good library is good documentation. Rust makes this super easy with Rustdoc. All you have to do is add a description and optional example. Then you can automagically generate a documentation page for your crate.

To add documentation to a function, struct, enum, or anything you use three slashes (///) then some text in Markdown format. You can add as many lines of this as you want. Code blocks in the doc string will be run as doc tests when running cargo test

So let’s add those docs! This will be the greet function now.

/// Greet someone by their name
/// Will prepend "Hello, "
/// and append "!" to the name
/// ## Example
/// ```rust
/// assert_eq!(greet("Darren"), "Hello, Darren!")
/// ```
pub fn greet(name: &str) -> String {
    format!("Hello, {}!", name)

🦀 Lets try it!

Now that we have our amazing crate, we should try it out! To do this I like to use examples.

First make a new folder named examples in the crate root (Folder with Cargo.toml). Inside this folder make a file. Add a main function and include the crate with use <PROJECT_NAME>::<function>.

My example the file now has the following code

use example_crate::greet;

fn main() {
    println!("{}", greet("Darren"));

To run this file use cargo run --example test and If everything is working we can move on to publishing the crate!

📢 Publishing

First go to and login with GitHub. Then go to and create a new token. Now run this command to save the token cargo login <TOKEN>.

To publish the package just use cargo publish. Yay, you now have made a rust crate, tested it, added documentation and published it on